Saturday, September 30, 2023, 1:44 PM
Site: Extension Foundation Online Campus
Course: Avian Influenza Biosecurity for Youth and 4-H Members (Avian Influenza Biosecurity for Youth and 4-H Members)
Glossary: Glossary/Acronyms
Jennifer Madsen


Avian Influenza


A protein produced by the body's immune system when it detects harmful substances, called antigens. Examples of antigens include microorganisms (such as bacteria, fungi, parasites, and viruses) and chemicals. The antibody helps your body get rid of the antigen.


Any substance that can stimulate the production of antibodies and combine specifically with them.


Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Case Fatality Ratio

A ratio that shows the number of deaths in infected cases over the total number of infected cases.


Centers for Disease Control and Prevention


The common cavity into which the intestinal, urinary, and reproductive canals open in birds.


The breakdown of organic waste, such as plants, food, and manure by bacteria.


Inflammation of the mucous membrane that lines the exposed portion of the eyeball and inner surface of the eyelids.


To contain or be covered with germs such as bacteria and viruses.